9th Grade English(TL)3.SAVE WATER! SAVE THE WORLD!

Class- 9

Board – State Board Karnataka

Syllabus – State Board

Sub. – English (3rd Language)



Prose – 3.SAVE WATER! SAVE THE WORLD!

Topic covered – Comprehension, Vocabulary,Grammar

9th Grade English(TL)3.SAVE WATER! SAVE THE WORLD!

COMPREHENSION
:

C1. Answer the following questions in one or two sentences each : Discuss the answers with your partner.

1. Why was there a gathering?
Ans
-:

There was a gathering on World Environment Day to raise awareness about the
importance of saving water.
2. What was Malick talking about?
Ans -: Malick was speaking about the prevalence of water and its
importance as the life-line of Mother Earth.
3. What has happened to 70% of fresh water ?
Ans -: 70% of fresh water is frozen in glaciers and ice-caps.
4. What was the condition of the people of Varuna
street?
Ans -: People of Varuna street were without water for the past
three days.
5. Why has water become scarce?
Ans -: Water has become scarce due to the increasing need for
water, population growth, large quantities of water being used in homes,
fields, and factories, trees being cut down, scanty rainfall, and ground water
being drained too much.



 
6. Why is mother earth losing her dear ones?
Ans -: Due to the increase in cutting down our trees mother earth
losing her dear ones.
7. How can we store rain water?
Ans -: We can store rainwater in a sump or well or let it flow
into the earth and save it as groundwater.
8. What is rainwater harvesting ? How is it useful to
us?
Ans -: Rainwater harvesting is the process of collecting,
storing, and using rainwater for various purposes.Rainwater can be stored in a
sump or well, or it can be allowed to flow into the earth, thus increasing the
level of groundwater. This increased groundwater level can provide us with
water again.


 

C2. Based on your reading of the lesson, match
column A

with B.

               
A                                          B
Two thirds of water                  pineapple
Three fourths of water             underground
Four fifths of water                   human
body
                                                          
Chicken
Ans -:
             A                                   B
Two thirds of water – human body
Three fourths of water – chicken
Four fifths of water – pineapple
Underground – water

V2. Complete the following paragraph using the words
given in brackets

(water, seventy, salty, three, prevalence)
There was a gathering in the football stadium. They had gathered there to celebrate the World Environment Day. The Environment Minister spoke on the ————— of water. He said that the ————— percent of earth surface is covered by ————. But only ————percent of water is fresh and can be used for drinking. The remaining water is ———and cannot be used for drinking purpose.

Ans -:  There was a gathering in the football stadium.
They had gathered there to celebrate the World Environment Day. The Environment
Minister spoke on the prevalence of water. He said that the seventy percent of
earth surface is covered by water. But only three percent of water is fresh and
can be used for drinking. The remaining water is salty and cannot be used for
drinking purpose.

abc
LANGUAGE :
L1. Direct and Indirect speech :
There are two ways by which we may report or narrate what
a speaker said.

1.Direct speech
2.Indirect or Reported speech.


1. In
Direct speech, the speaker’s exact words are given.

e.g. Ram said, “I am trying for a seat in this college.”
Note that

(i) the
exact words are put in the inverted commas.(“ ”)
(ii) there is a comma after the reporting verb.
(iii) the quoted words begin with a capital letter.

In Indirect speech or reported speech, only the substance of what the speaker said is given and not the exact words.

e.g.
Ram said that he was trying for a seat in that college.

Look at some more examples.
Direct speech: He said to me, “I drink coffee.”
Indirect speech: He said that he drank coffee

Direct speech: He said to me, “Wait till I return.”
Indirect speech: He told me to wait till he returned.

Direct speech: He said to me, “You are ambitious.”
Indirect speech:He told me that I was ambitious.

Now change the following sentences into indirect
speech.


He said to me, “I have sent you a gift.”
He told me that he had sent me a gift.

He said, “The cow died last week.”
He said that the cow had died the previous week.

He said to me, “I don’t believe you.
He told me that he didn’t believe me.

He said to me, “What are you doing?”
He asked me what I was doing.

He said, “I have passed the examination.”
He said that he had passed the examination.



L2. Fill in the blanks with the opposite words for the
underlined words by adding prefixes.


1. Mr. Srinivas is an honest man, but his brother is very dishonest.
2. The advocate told his client that some documents were legal and some
were illegal.
3. The lady said that the boy was conscious when they brought him to the
hospital, but he became unconscious as soon as he saw the syringe
in the doctor’s hand.
4. The captain of the team encouraged the boys to be fair in the game.
They did not want to win the match by unfair means.
5. The little boy was very comfortable with the little chair, but when
he was made to sit on a bench, he became uncomfortable.
6. Dollars are acceptable in America, but rupees are unacceptable.



 

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