LESSON – 7 THE WONDERFUL WORLD OF PLANTS 8th English (TL)

 




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LESSON – 7

THE WONDERFUL WORLD OF
PLANTS

NEW WORDS

wonderful (वंडरफुल) अद्भूत

plant (प्लॅन्ट) वनस्पती

bee (बी) मधमाशी

suck (सक्) शोषून घेणे

honey (हनी) मध

flies (फ्लाईज) माशा

insect (इनसेक्ट) कीटक

salt (साल्ट) क्षार

soil (सॉईल) माती

leaves (लिव्हज्) पाने

prepare (प्रिपेअर) तयार करणे

shine (शाईन) चमकणे

photosynthesis (फोटोसिंथेसिस)प्रकाश संश्लेषण

poor soil (पुअर सॉईल) निकृष्ट माती

sundew (सनड्यू) एक कीटकभक्षी वनस्पती

club (क्लब) मंडळ, एकत्रित

droop (ड्रप) खाली वाकणे

tiny (टिनी) अतिशय लहान

drop (ड्रॉप) थेंब

sticky liquid (स्टिकी लिक्विड) चिकट द्रव

bead (बीड) दवबिंदू, मणी

attract (अॅट्रॅक्ट) आकर्षित करणे

butterfly (बटरफ्लाय) फुलपाखरू

bright (ब्राईट) शुभ्र

slip (स्लिप) घरणे

climb (क्लाइम) वर चढणे

venus (व्हीनस) ग्रीक लोकांची देवता

trap (ट्रॅप) सापळा

flap (फ्लॅप) झडप

squeezed (स्क्वीझड्) चिरडून टाकले.

pitcher plant (पिचर प्लांट) घटपर्णी वनस्पती(घागरीसारखा आकार.)

shape (शेप) आकार

victim (व्हिक्टिम) बळी




COMPREHENSION-

A. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two each.

1. Where do most plants get food from?

Ans: Most plants got food from soil.

2. When do plants make food? Sit in groups, discuss and get the correct
answer.

Ans: Plants get water, salts and other things from the soil. They mix all
these things in their leaves and prepare their food when the sun shines.

3. How does the pitcher-plant hunt bees?

Ans: Pitcher plant’s leaves are shaped like a jug or a pitcher. At the
bottom of this pitcher like shape, there is a liquid. The smell of this liquid
atracts bees. When a bee sits on the top and slips down the jug like leaf, it
can’t climb up.And the trapped bee is hunted by the plant slowly.

4. Why do butterflies come and sit on the hair-like parts of the sundew?

Ans: At the end of each of the hair like part, there is a tiny drop of sticky liquid.It
shines like a bead in the bright sun.These shining bead attracts butterflies.
So butterflies come and sit on the hair-like parts of the sundew.

B. Answer the following questions in three or four sentences each.

1. Describe the sundew?

Ans: Sundew is a insect eater plant. Its leaves look like club. There are
long hair-like parts on the leaves drooping outwards. At the end of each of the
hair like part, there is a tiny drop of sticky liquid. It shines like a bead in
the bright sun. These shining bead attracts butterflies.When a butterfly sits
on these hair-like parts, its body gets stuck in the sticky liquid. These parts
slowly close on the butterfly and then it is eaten by sundew.

2. Why do some plants live on other living beings?

Ans: Plants get water, slats and other things from soil. With the help of
sunlight, plants make their own food. But
Some plants which grow on poor soil cannot
make food for themselves.
So such plants
live on other living beings.

3. What is venus fly trap?

Ans: Venus fly trap is an insect eater plant. Its long leaves have two
flaps at the top. When a fly sits on a leaf, the flaps close and the fly is
squeezed inside. The flaps work as a trap so it is called venus fly trap.




II. All of us have some habits. Some of them are good, some are not so good
and some are bad. Ten common habits are given below. Classify them under three
different heads. Discuss in groups and classify them.

1. Eating food items now and then.

2. Work according to a plan.

3. Getting up early in the morning.

4. Playing games in the evening.

5. Watching T.V. till late in the night.

6. Biting nails.

7. Respecting elders.

8. Reading books

9. Eating food sold on road sides.

10. Expecting others to do what you should

11. Throwing stones at street dogs.

12. Cleaning the house when you are expected to be studying.

Ans: Good habits :

2. Work according to a plan.

3. Getting up early in the morning.

4. Playing games in the evening.

7. Respecting elders.

8. Reading books

Not so good habits:

1. Eating food items now and then.

9. Eating food sold on road sides.

10. Expecting others to do what you should

12. Cleaning the house when you are expected to be studying

Bad habits :

5. Watching T.V. till late in the night.

6. Biting naik

11. Throwing stones at street dogs.




III. Use the following in sentences of your own.

1. eat up : Rohini eat up a mango.  

2. get stuck: The bus get
stuck on the road
because of mud.

3. close on: The bank remains closed on Sunday.

IV. VOCABULARY

1. Make as many words you can using the letters in the following words.

a) wonderful won, red, on, wonder, under, one, den,

b) outwardsrun, fun, done, rule, fond, led, low, no out, word, ward,
sword, to, do, so, road. sad, sour, our, dot, roast, two

c) insect in, ten, sit,
nest, tin, sin, set

2.Give one word for each of the
following:

a) I fly but I am not a bird.

I have a long tail but I am not an animal.

People enjoy looking at me flying. Who am I?

Ans: Kite

b) I am always at the dining table.

Dishes will not be tasty without me,

but you use me very little.Who am I?

Ans: Salt

c) I bring you variety of news every morning.

You begin your day in my company.

I live for only one day. Who am I?

Ans: News paper

d) Children love me and they run after me.

I have colourful and attractive wings.

I am a friend of flowers.Who am I?

Ans: Butterfly




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