Lesson 8



parade –परेड= संचलन, सैन्याची
gave –
गेव्ह= दिला  

day off –डे ऑफ= सुट्टी

gardener –गार्डनर= माळी

thought –थॉट= विचार केला

know –नो= माहिती असणे, जाणणे

talk –टॉक= बोलणे
nuts –
नटस्= शेंगा
enough –
इनफ= पुरेसे
pull up –
पुल अप= वर ओढा, उपटा

root –रूट= मूळ much –मच= जास्ती

little –लिटल= थोडे
too much –
टू मच= खूप जास्त




A. Complete the following words by adding
‘ance’ ‘ence’ or ‘ense’ at the end (You may look up the dictionary to get the

right answer and make necessary changes. Do
the exercise in groups).

1. resist  ance    resistance

2. attend ance  – attendance

3. confid ence – confidence

4. exist ance  – existance

5. susp ense  suspense

6. exp ense  – expense

7. guid ance – guidance

8. ambul ance – ambulance

B. Complete each sentence below with a word
opposite in
to the underlined word (First one is done for you).

a) A victory sometimes
is worse than defeat

b) The construction of
new buildings takes a long time; their destruction takes little

c) This cloth is not inferior but superior
to that    

Life is full of comforts and discomfort


C. Express what would your reaction be (Write
the correct word next to each sentence choosing from the answers given in

[happy, bored, excited,
worried, irritated]

Example: a) You forget to do your
homework : worried

b) Someone loses your pen
: irritated

c) You have nothing to do
: bored

d) Your favorite actor is
coming to your city : excited

e) You have done well in
your test : happy

D. Rewrite the following
sentences, using a single word for each group of words underlined (One is done
for you).

1. A person who
reports events for a newspaper
was present at the meeting

Example : A reporter was
present at the meeting.

2. The people who were watching the show cheered

Ans. The audience cheered loudly.

3. The people who were listening to the
sat quietly.

Ans. The spectators sat quietly.

After the attack, there were very few people who survived.

Ans. After the attack, there were very few

5. Every year India is
visited by many foreign people who travel for pleasure.

Ans. Every year India is
visited by many foreign tourists.

(tourists, spectators,
survivors, audience)



A. Answer the following
questions briefly.

1. Why were the people given a day off by
their king?

Ans. Because there was going to be a big
parade in the city.So the king gave all the people the day off to go to see it.

2. What prevented the gardener from going to
the parade?

Ans. The gardener had to
water the plants in the king’s garden.This work prevented the gardener from
going to the parade.

3. Whose help did the gardener plan to take?

Ans. The gardener planned to
take the help of monkeys.

4. How did the monkeys spend their time in
the king’s garden?

Ans. The monkeys spend their
time in the king’s garden by eating nuts & fruits.They plays in garden and
spend their time happily.

5. What were the gardener’s instructions to
water the trees?

Ans. The gardener instructed
the monkeys to water the trees when the sun is going down.Water enough water
but not too much.

6. How did the big monkey instruct the little
monkey to water the trees?

Ans. The big monkey instructed
the little monkeys
 Pull up each tree and look at its roots.If the
tree has long roots, give it much water. If the roots are not long, give it
just a little water.

7. Did the little monkey follow the big
monkey’s instructions? Why?

Ans. Yes the little monkey followed
the big monkey’s instructions because they thought the big monkey was wise.

8. What sight greeted the gardener the next

Ans. The next morning the gardener saw that every tree had
been pulled up by the roots. And not a tree was living ! Not one!

B. Write whether the
following statements are true or false. Write

‘T’ or ‘F’ in the brackets accordingly.

a) The king’s cook could not go to the
parade. [F]

b) The gardener planned to ask the monkeys to
water the trees. [T]

c) The monkeys refused to help the gardener.

d) Trees with long roots were to be given
less water [F]

e) The gardener saw that every tree had been
pulled up by the roots. [T]



A. Write the following
sentences, changing the nouns in brackets into the plural number-

1. The ______ (thief) stole our ______  (watch)

Ans. The thieves  stole our watches.

2. The ______ (valley) were full of ______ (monkey)

Ans. The vallies were full of monkeys.

3. The ______  (hero)
rode on their
______  (pony)

Ans.  The
heroes rode on their ponies.

4. The ______ (wolf) attacked the ______ (calf)

Ans.  The
wolves attacked the calves.

5. The ______  (woman) hid their ______ (baby) and ______
(child) in the bushes (bush).

Ans. The women hid their babies
and children in the bushes.

B. Complete the following using ‘has’ and ‘have’ appropriately.

1. Our school have twelve
classrooms. Our headmistress has

a separate room for herself.

The teachers have a staff room.
We have a brown and white

uniform. Our school also have a
big playground.

2. Do you have a library in your


How many students does your school has?


Do the classrooms have ceiling

all classrooms have ceiling fans.

Fill in the blanks with ‘has been / have been’ appropriately.

a. Using this system, a book has been written by
Stephan Hawking.

b. Dozens of scientific papers have been

c. Soumya has been staying with me for two weeks.

d. The lawyers have been on strike since May 28th.


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