Numbers : Meaning Explanation & Examples English Grammar

Numbers (वचन)


     

    Numbers : Meaning Explanation & Examples English Grammar




    Meaning – 

            In English grammar,number refers to the grammatical category that indicates whether a noun or pronoun is singular or plural. 

    Types of Numbers 

    1. Singular Noun – A singular noun refers to one person, place, thing, or idea.  

    2. Plural Noun – A plural noun refers to more than one person, place, thing, or idea. 

    For example- “book” is singular, while “books” is plural.

            In summary, number is an important grammatical concept in English that helps to indicate whether a noun, verb, or pronoun is singular or plural.



    Basic Rules -: 

    The basic rules for forming singular and plural nouns in English include the following:

    1. Regular Plurals: Most nouns form their plurals by adding “-s” to the singular form.
    Example: cat (singular) -> cats (plural)

    2. Plurals Ending in “-es”: Nouns ending in “-ch,” “-s,” “-sh,” “-x,” or “-z” form their plurals by adding “-es” to the singular form.
    Example: box (singular) -> boxes (plural)

    3. Plurals Ending in “-ies”: Nouns ending in a consonant followed by “-y” change the “-y” to “-ies” to form the plural.
    Example: baby (singular) -> babies (plural)

    4. Irregular Plurals: Some nouns have irregular plural forms that do not follow a specific pattern. These plurals must be learned individually.
    Example: child (singular) -> children (plural)



    5. Plural Forms Same as Singular: Some nouns have the same form for both singular and plural.
    Example: sheep (singular and plural)



    6. Plurals of Compound Nouns: For compound nouns, the plural is usually formed by making the main word (or the final element) plural.
    Example: sister-in-law (singular) -> sisters-in-law (plural)

    7. Plurals of Foreign Words: Plurals of nouns borrowed from other languages may have their own rules or retain their original plural forms.
    Example: phenomenon (singular) -> phenomena (plural)

    8. Singular Nouns Ending in “-s”: Some nouns ending in “-s” can be both singular and plural, while others have different meanings in the singular and plural forms.
    Example: news (singular and plural), glass (singular) -> glasses (plural)

    9. Plurals of Proper Nouns: Plural forms of proper nouns (names of specific people, places, or things) are formed in various ways and are specific to each noun.
    Example: Smith (singular) -> Smiths (plural)




    10. Plurals with “-ves”: Some nouns ending in “-f” or “-fe” change the “-f” or “-fe” to “-ves” to form the plural.
    Example: leaf (singular) -> leaves (plural)

    It’s important to note that there are exceptions and irregularities in English spelling and grammar, so it’s always advisable to consult a dictionary or reference source for specific noun plurals when in doubt.

    Examples for practice – 

     1.   cat – cats

    2. dog – dogs

    3. book – books

    4. chair – chairs

    5. table – tables

    6. car – cars

    7. house – houses

    8. tree – trees

    9. flower –
    flowers

    10.  pen – pens




    11. pencil –
    pencils

    12.   shoe – shoes

    13.  bird – birds

    14.  cow – cows

    15.  horse – horses

    16.  lion – lions

    17.   monkey –
    monkeys

    18.  tiger – tigers

    19.  elephant
    – elephants

    20. wolf – wolves

    21.   student
    – students

    22. teacher
    – teachers

    23. doctor –
    doctors

    24. actor – actors

    25. singer –
    singers




    26. writer –
    writers

    27. engineer
    – engineers

    28. scientist
    – scientists

    29. artist –
    artists

    30. photographer
    – photographers

    31.  lawyer –
    lawyers

    32. soldier
    – soldiers

    33. friend –
    friends

    34. parent –
    parents

    35. sibling
    – siblings

    36. housemate
    – housemates

    37. student
    – students

    38. worker –
    workers

    39. employee
    – employees

    40.visitor
    – visitors

    41.  driver –
    drivers

    42. musician
    – musicians

    43. dancer –
    dancers

    44.swimmer
    – swimmers

    45.actor – actors

    46.singer –
    singers

    47. dancer –
    dancers

    48.runner –
    runners

    49. player –
    players

    50. writer –
    writers

    51.  baby – babies

    52. city – cities




     

    53. lady – ladies

    54.party – parties

    55. country
    – countries

    56. leaf – leaves

    57. shelf – shelves

    58. thief – thieves

    59. wolf – wolves

    60. wife – wives

    61.  knife – knives

    62. life – lives

    63. belief –
    beliefs

    64.chief – chiefs

    65. roof – roofs




    66.proof – proofs

    67. half – halves

    68. calf – calves

    69. dwarf – dwarves

    70. torch – torches

    71.   church –
    churches

    72. match – matches

    73. sandwich
    – sandwiches

    74. kangaroo
    – kangaroos

    75. zoo – zoos

    76. boot – boots

    77. foot – feet

    78. goose – geese

    79. tooth – teeth

    80. louse – lice

    81.  mouse – mice

    82. nucleus
    – nuclei

    83. radius –
    radii

    84.basis – bases

    85. analysis
    – analyses

    86. thesis –
    theses

    87. bus – buses

    88. glass – glasses

    89. class – classes

    90. pass – passes

    91.  kiss – kisses

    92. miss – misses

    93. loss – losses




    94. boss – bosses

    95. process
    – processes

    96. address
    – addresses

    97. stress –
    stresses

    98. success
    – successes

    99. bus – buses

    100.            
    glass – glasses

    101.              
    brush – brushes

    102.             
    box – boxes

    103.             
    potato – potatoes

    104.            
    tomato – tomatoes

    105.            
    dress – dresses

    106.            
    class – classes

    107.             
    bush – bushes

    108.            
    boss – bosses

    109.             
    kiss – kisses

    110.     miss – misses

    111.  dish – dishes

    112. wish – wishes

    113.fox – foxes

    114.    box – boxes

    115.  mix – mixes

    116.   tax – taxes

    117. ox – oxen

    118.    hero – heroes

    119.   potato – potatoes

    120.   tomato – tomatoes




    121.     mosquito
    – mosquitoes

    122.    volcano – volcanoes

    123.    echo – echoes

    124.    hero – heroes

    125.   zero – zeros

    126.  mango – mangoes

    127.   piano – pianos

    128. solo – solos

    129.  photo – photos

    130.   video – videos

    131.studio –
    studios

    132.  kangaroo – kangaroos

    133.   zoo – zoos

    134.   patio – patios

    135.  radio – radios

    136.    studio – studios

    137.      portfolio – portfolios

    138.    volcano – volcanoes

    139.  child – children

    140.   man – men

    141.     woman – women

    142.     tooth – teeth

    143.   foot – feet

    144.   goose – geese

    145.   mouse – mice

    146.   louse – lice

    147.   ox – oxen

    148.   fish – fish

    149.   deer – deer

    150.   sheep – sheep

    151.      aircraft – aircraft

    152.  species – species

    153.   moose – moose

    154.    salmon – salmon

    155.   offspring – offspring

    156.  series – series

    157.   sheepdog – sheepdogs

    158.   cactus – cacti

    159.   fungus – fungi

    160. phenomenon – phenomena

    161.  criterion – criteria

    162.    medium – media

    163.    syllabus – syllabi




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