10th English 3rd Lang. 3.KASHMIR,THE GARDEN OF INDIA


Subject – English (3rd Language)

Textbook Solution



10th English 3rd Lang. 3.KASHMIR,THE GARDEN OF INDIA


I. Comprehension questions:

A. Answer the following questions: Discuss the answers with your partner before writing them down.

1. From where did the travellers enter the valley of Kashmir?

Ans- The houses in Srinagar city look beautiful in summer because the roofs are covered with flowers.

2. What does the peak of Nanga Parbat look like?

Ans- Certain flowers grow only in Kashmir due to its favorable climate and natural conditions.

3. Which is the capital of Kashmir?

Ans- The capital of Kashmir is Srinagar.

4. Why do certain flowers grow only in Kashmir?

Ans-  The peak of Nanga Parbat looks like a huge sentinel pointing to the sky.

5. Why do the houses in Srinagar city look beautiful in summer?

Ans- The travellers entered the valley of Kashmir from Baramulla.

6. Describe the spring season of Kashmir.

Ans-  The spring season in Kashmir is characterized by the blooming of delicate pink almond blossoms, followed by cherry blossom, apple blossom, irises, Persian lilac, and roses.



B. Sit in
pairs and discuss in the class and answer the following questions:

1. Explain the varieties of flowers and fruits of Kashmir.

Ans- The varieties of flowers and fruits in Kashmir include pink almond blossom, cherry blossom, apple blossom, royal purple irises, Persian lilac, roses, blue flax,red poppies, pears, peaches, nectarines, plums, and apples.

2. Describe the floating garden of Dal lake.

Ans- The floating garden of Dal Lake is a unique attraction in Kashmir. It is made by anchoring a platform of reeds and filling it with mud from the lake. Seedlings of vegetables, mostly cucumber, are planted on these platforms. The gardens require no watering and can be tended from boats. The vegetables are dried for winter use by cutting them into strips and drying them in the sun.

3. Why is the city of Srinagar called “The Venice of India”?

Ans- The city of Srinagar is called “The Venice of India” because the Jhelum river flows through it and with its canals, it gives the city the appearance of having many islands, similar to the city of Venice in Italy.


II. Vocabulary work:

A. Consider the words “week” and “weak”. Although they have the same pronunciation they give different meanings: (HOMOPHONES)

Example: Seven days make a week.

My friend is weak in English.

Sit in a group and point out the difference in meaning between the following pairs of words and use them in your own sentences
(do it in pairs)

1. Price: Prize           2. Peace: piece 

3. Whole: hole           4. Write: right. 

5. Route: root            6.Weather: whether




1. Price: Prize

Price: The amount of money or value that is assigned to a product or service.

Example sentence: The price of the new smartphone is quite high.


Prize: A reward or recognition given to someone for winning a competition or achieving something.

Example sentence: She won the first prize in the art competition.


2. Peace: Piece

Peace: A state of harmony, absence of conflict or disturbance.

Example sentence: The treaty was signed to bring peace to the war-torn region.


Piece: A part or portion of something.

Example sentence: He ate a piece of cake for dessert.


3. Whole: Hole

Whole: Complete or entire; not divided or broken.

Example sentence: She ate the whole pizza by herself.


Hole: A hollow space or opening in a solid object or surface.

Example sentence: The squirrel dug a hole in the ground to bury its acorns.



4. Write: Right

Write: To form letters or words on a surface with a pen, pencil, or keyboard.

Example sentence: I need to write a report for my English class.


Right: Correct or accurate; in accordance with what is true or just.

Example sentence: She gave the right answer to the math problem.


5. Route: Root

Route: A specific path or course taken to reach a destination.

 Example sentence: We took a scenic route along the coast during our road trip.


Root: The underground part of a plant that typically absorbs water and nutrients from the soil.

Example sentence: The tree’s roots spread deep into the ground.



6. Weather: Whether

Weather: The condition of the atmosphere at a particular place and time, such as temperature, precipitation, and wind.

Example sentence: The weather forecast predicts rain for tomorrow.


Whether: Expressing a doubt or choice between alternatives.

 Example sentence: I haven’t decided whether to go to the party or stay at home.


B. There are 10 words and their opposites. Find out
the words and their opposites from the puzzle. Circle them in the puzzle and
write them in the note book. (Note: opposite words are in capital letters) (do
it in groups)

Dry X Wet

Old X New

Proud X Humble 

Soft X Hard 

RememberX Forget 

Difficult X Easy

High X Low

False X True


C. Read the following sentences. Each sentence has a mis-spelt word- Find out the same and correct it.

1. The houses of the city are built of wood and bricks.

   Correction: The houses of the city are built of wood and bricks. (No misspelled words)


2. Srinagar is the capital of Kashmir, the city of the Son.

   Correction: Srinagar is the capital of Kashmir, the city of the Sun. (Son should be Sun)


3. The Jhelum river flows through the city of Srinagar.

   Correction: The Jhelum river flows through the city of Srinagar. (No misspelled words)


4. Kashmir is famous for its beautiful and natural scenary.

  Correction: Kashmir is famous for its beautiful and natural scenery. (Scenary should be scenery)


III. Language Activity:

A. Read the following story.

1. Pick out the adjectives in nouns. Write them in separate columns.

2. Enact the following scene.

adjectives and nouns. In the first column write down the adjectives you find in the story. In the second column
write the nouns.



woodcutter, piece, wood, river, axe, water, fairy,
matter, voice, handle, man, answer

poor, big, old, deep, lovely, bright, unhappy, golden,
silver, clear, common, iron, old, happy, kind, honest



B. Comparison of Adjectives:

Study the following sentences carefully and observe the difference.

1. Krupa is fair in the class. (Positive Degrees)

2. Krupa is fairer than any other girl in the class. (Comparative Degree)

3. Krupa is the fairest girl in the class. (superlative Degree)


Now Change the following
sentences into other degrees: (Do it in groups)

1.India is a large country in Asia. (Positive Degree)

India is larger than most countries in Asia.
(Comparative Degree)

India is the largest country in Asia. (Superlative


2. Milk is not as sweet as honey. (Positive Degree)

Milk is less sweet than honey. (Comparative Degree)

Milk is the least sweet compared to honey. (Superlative Degree)



3. Kashmir is a beautiful place. (Positive Degree)

Kashmir is more beautiful than many places.
(Comparative Degree)

Kashmir is the most beautiful place. (Superlative


4. Iris flower plants are tall. (Positive Degree)

Iris flower plants are taller than other plants. (Comparative Degree)

Iris flower plants are the tallest among all plants. (Superlative Degree)


5. Kamala is a wise student in this class. (Positive Degree)

Kamala is wiser than most students in this class. (Comparative Degree)

Kamala is the wisest student in this class. (Superlative Degree)



IV. Communication:

Teacher selects three students to read the dialogue.The rest of the students in the class should fill in the blanks wherever it is


Ram: Good morning, Meera. I haven’t seen you for the last ten days.

Meera: I had been to Basrikatte along with my family and friends.

Leela: It is near Sringeri. Have you been there before?

Meera: Exactly. Have you seen the beautiful landscapes there?

Leela: No, but I have always wanted to go. Do you have the route map of it?

Meera: Are you planning to go to Basrikatte? If so, I will also come with you.

Leela: Yes, I have the route map.

Meera: Thanks a lot. Let’s plan our trip together.


V. Writing Activity:

During my recent visit to a place of wonder with my family, we went to a hill station. It was a mesmerizing experience. We saw breathtaking views of the mountains and lush green valleys.There were many peacocks roaming freely in the area, adding to the beauty of the surroundings. We were lucky to spot elephants, including baby elephants, in their natural habitat. We hiked up the hill and witnessed a stunning sunset over the horizon. As we walked through a field, we were amazed by the vibrant colors of the flowers. It felt like stepping into a flower valley. We couldn’t contain our joy and started dancing and singing songs in the midst of nature.It was a truly unforgettable trip filled with happiness and excitement.


Suggested Activity:

Study the example………

e.g.: Knowledge- leg, new, know, led, edge.

Use the word ‘ACKNOWLEDGEMENT’ and make as many words as possible by using the letters of this word…

1. Acknowledge

2. Leg

3. New

4. Know

5. Led

6. Edge

7. Nag

8. Elm

9. Men

10. Age

11. End

12. Wed

13. Game

14. Came

15. Made

16. Don

17. Doe

18. Wage

19. Gem

20. God

21. Mad

22. Wage

23. Wane

24. Woke

25. Wad

26. Gown

27. Goal

28. Deal

29. Wade

30. Ode

31. Cage

32. Cane

33. Dane

34. Clan

35. Coal

36. Glowed

37. Elm

38. Dawn

39. Wage


10th English (3rd Language)

Textbook Solutions


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2.At the Zoo



1.Faithful Friends


2.The Tiger and the Deer 



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